What Causes Gum Disease?

What Causes Gum Disease?

An infection of the tissues supporting and encircling your teeth is known as gum disease. You might not be aware that you have gum disease because it rarely hurts, but it contributes significantly to adult tooth loss and is a matter of serious concern. 

Millions of adults worldwide suffer gum disease in some form, so you’re not alone. If you think you may have gum disease, schedule an appointment with your dentist right away.

Common Gum Disease Causes


Plaque is a sticky layer of bacteria that accumulates on gums and teeth and is removed daily by brushing, flossing, and rinsing. It is this layer of bacteria that most frequently leads to gum disease. 

Plaque can be reduced by enhancing your oral hygiene practice and making appointments for examinations at least every six months.

Consuming Tobacco

Smoking affects the gum tissue cells’ ability to perform their usual functions, leaving your mouth more susceptible to diseases like gum disease. It is not any better or safer to chew tobacco. Break the habit, and you can avoid many health problems like gum infections.


Hormone fluctuations during monthly menstrual cycles and pregnancy increase the risk of gum disease. When you brush or floss your teeth, your gums may become inflamed, irritated, puffy, red, or even bleed slightly during pregnancy. 

If you have these signs, know that they usually go away after giving birth, but if you still have any concerns, speak to your dentist and doctor.

Don’t forget to check: Gum Disease Symptoms and Signs


While getting all of your recommended vitamins daily is challenging, your gums may be particularly hurt if you don’t receive enough vitamin C. 

Make sure you have a balanced diet that’s high in vitamin C and drink lots of water to help avoid gum disease.


Tell your dentist if your family has a history of gum disease. It can slightly raise your risk of getting a bacterial infection.

Any kind of dental care you require is available at Robstown Smiles. Call our Robstown, Texas dental office at 361-933-0124 any time for more details about dental treatments or to make an appointment.

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